Terminology

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See https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Extension:Lingo for info

ABBR 
Abbreviation
AJAX 
Asynchronous JavaScript and XML = A means to exchange data with a server without loading a whole new page.
API 
Application Programming Interface
APT 
Advanced Package Tool. Created by the Debian project.
ASP 
Application Service Provider
Application Server Pages - an old technology by Microsoft
ATM 
Automated Teller Machine (please don't call it an 'ATM Machine', that's redundant)
BLU 
Boston Linux & Unix = a Linux User Group in Boston, MA, USA with roots that go back into the days of Unix before Linux was a thing
BMW 
Bavarian Motor Works = German car company
coax
coaxial cable
CSS 
Cascading Style Sheets = A technology that deals with the presentation of content on the web
DKIM 
DomainKeys Identified Mail = An IETF specification that combats SPAM on the Internet
DNS 
Domain Name System. An Named Host to IP Address lookup system
DPL 
Dynamic Page Lists = Like a Cuisinart food processor, it allows you to slice and dice the contents of your wiki.
DRM 
Digital Restrictions Management = Electronic methods to control what you can and can't do.
FOSS 
Free Open Source Software. An attempt to communicate the 'freedom' aspect of free software de-emphasizing the price connotation of 'free'.
FLOSS 
Free / Libre Open Source Software = Another attempt to de-emphasize the price connotation of 'free' and instead recognize that free means liberty.
FSF 
Free Software Foundation. fsf.org
FUBAR 
F*cked Up Beyond All Recognition
FUSE 
Filesystem in User Space
GAFYD 
Google Apps For Your Domain
GNHLUG 
Greater New Hampshire Linux User Groups = an association of User Groups in and around the state of New Hampshire, USA of people interested in Linux technology and/or those who created it in the first place; and continue to this day.
GNU 
Gnu's Not Unix, because Unix is proprietary software while Gnu is software that respects your freedom.
GPL 
General Public License = A sane copyright license
HHVM 
HipHop Virtual Machine = a PHP interpreter created at Facebook as an alternative to the Zend Engine interpreter. http://hhvm.com/
HTML 
HyperText Markup Language = structured text that uses logical links (hyperlinks) between nodes containing text.
HTTP 
HyperText Transfer Protocol = the foundation of data communication for the World Wide Web. See HTML
HTTPS 
HTTP Secure = HTTP using SSL or the newer TLS
IANAL 
I Am Not A Lawyer = but I'll play one on the Internet
IETF 
Internet Engineering Task Force = organization to make the Internet work better
IP 
Internet Protocol. An IP Address is a host or device name in numeric form.
IPv4 
Internet Protocol version 4
IPv6 
Internet Protocal version 6
IPR 
Intellectual Property Rights = A crazy idea that nonetheless is pervasive in the global legal system. See Also: GPL
IRL 
In Real Life = A TLA used when 'virtual' was a thing. Now the virtual has permeated 'meat space' and so the two are not so distinct.
ISBN 
International Standard Book Number = 10-digit or 13-digit codes used by the publishing industry to uniquely identify individual book titles and editions. Some 10-digit ISBNs may end with an "X" instead of a digit.
JS 
JavaScript = A computer language.
JSON 
JavaScript Object Notation = A data representation format in JavaScript
KIO 
KDE Input/Output slaves
LUG 
Linux User Group = a general term whereas a specific LUG will often have a geographic focus
MOTD 
Message Of The Day = MOTD
NPM 
Node Packaged Modules = a package manager for the Nodejs system
NSFW 
Not Safe For Work
OASIS 
Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards = a global standards organization
OOP 
Object Oriented Programming = hard to define. See OOP.
ORM 
Object Relational Mapping = a database approach
PDF 
Portable Document Format = a widely used standard for representing documents electronically and print. PDF
PEAR 
PHP Extension and Application Repository = a collection of code started in 1999 to enhance the utility of PHP.
PHAR 
PHP Archive = a distribution format. See https://secure.php.net/manual/en/intro.phar.php
Phishing 
attempt to acquire sensitive information such as passwords or credit card details by masquerading as a trusted party.
PHP 
PHP is the HyperText Preprocessor = the most popular programming language for the web
POTD 
Picture Of The Day
POTY 
Picture Of The Year
PRURL
PRURLs 
Protocol Relative URL. Starts with '//' instead of 'HTTP(S)://'
PSR-1 
PHP Standard Recommendation 1
PSR-2 
PHP Standard Recommendation 2
Regex 
Regular Expression = a search and replace syntax that allows for powerful pattern matching
RSS 
Really Simple Syndication = a syntax for sharing data across the web.
SCM 
Software Configuration Management
SEO
Search Engine Optimization
SPAM 
unsolicited bulk email
SPF 
Sender Policy Framework
SMW 
Semantic MediaWiki = See Metadata
SSL 
Secure Sockets Layer = secure (encrypted) underpinning for HTTP
TLA 
Three-Letter Acronym
TLS 
Transport Layer Security
UOP 
User Operation Prohibition = things you're not allowed to do with a DVD, like skip the FBI warning w:User operation prohibition
UPO 
User Preference Option = things that you can set in your "preferences". Special:Preferences
URL
URLs 
Uniform Resource Locator = an address of a web page or other component, including the protocol.
VCS 
Version Control System
VE 
Visual Editor
WMF 
WikiMedia Foundation = the organization which runs various projects including Wikipedia.org
WOFF 
Web Open Font Format
WWW 
World Wide Web = the part of the Internet where websites and documents can be found via HTTP or HTTPS.
XML
Extensible Markup Language = a system for markup such that you can create your own 'schema' of terms rather than a specific markup language.